Women are normally tempted to go to some sea resort and get a tan as summer draws near. The sunlight has, without doubt, a beneficial effect on the skin and metabolism. The sunlight promotes the development and deposition of vitamin D required for the growth and regeneration of bone and connective tissues in the body. The sunlight also stimulates the functioning of endocrine glands (such as the thyroid, pituitary, ovaries) and normalization of metabolic processes. The sunlight gives a boost to immunity and acts as a stimulant to production of melanin (the dark brown pigment) in the skin.
In the same time, the action of sunlight may cause damage to the body. Overexposure to the sun is likely to produce a sunburn. Excessive or unprotected exposure to the sun’s rays is believed to contribute to development of a melanoma, a highly malignant tumor of melanin-forming cells, the melanocytes. Females who suntan without wearing their bras run higher risks of getting a melanoma in the skin covering their mammary glands.
Insolation causes maximum damage to tender tissues of the mammary gland. As a result, a hormonal balance “estrogen-progesterone” is disrupted, and correlation between the tissues of the mammary gland is at risk. Consequently, the effects of insolation may trigger the development of proliferative changes and a malignance.
According to the World Health Organization, 32 thousand persons are diagnosed with melanoma in the United States each year. The disease puts to death 6,800 persons included in the above number. About 23% of melanomas are caused by excessive exposure to sunlight in New Zealand. Australia has the highest yearly malignant melanoma mortality rate: data gathered over the last several decades show that 2.38 women per 100 thousand persons do not survive. Each year, one out of every eight women (177 thousand in total) is diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States. One of those patients dies from breast cancer every 12 minutes. In other words, every year 44 thousand women are killed by breast cancer in the U.S. alone. One of every ten European women goes down with breast cancer annually. Every year brings about 180 thousand cases of breast cancer, a third of those women does not recover.
Russia holds the world record as to female mortality rate due to breast cancer. There has been a 50% increase in the number of new cases of breast cancer in Russia since 1980. Therefore, women who fancy a trip overseas for a tan on the beach in Turkey, Greece or any other hot and sunny part of the world are strongly recommended to pay a visit to a medical specialist dealing with diseases of the mammary gland. Women should have their mammary glands examined prior to having their skin bronzed. Should an ultrasound examination reveal cysts in the mammary glands, areas of fibrosis, localized adenosis, and fibroadenomas, patients should undergo a course of treatment to stop the proliferation growth in tissues of the mammary gland.
Women are also recommended to visit a mammologist before making arrangements at a solarium. Women are often reported to complain of painful sensations and development of lumps in the breast after visiting solariums.
Women whose mammary glands are healthy or show signs of an initial stage of diffusive cyst-free mastopathy, unaffected by fibroadenomatosis or fibroadenomas, without a tendency to proliferation growth should expose their bodies to sunlight by following the recommendations below:
- wear bathing suits with brasseries covering the breast at all times while lying in the sun;
- exposure periods should not exceed 30 minutes and be followed by swimming;
- exposure to sunlight is relatively harmless if done before noon, from 15 o’clock to 16 o’clock in the afternoon, and from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m. Sunbathing from 12 o’clock to 15 o’clock is not recommended due to increased solar radiation. Women are strongly advised to stay in the shade during the above period, and drink plenty of water or other nonalcoholic beverages.
Translated by Guerman Grachev
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