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International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people

Pages: 12

Victor J. Sanz / Rubén Kotler

By its resolution 32/40 B of 2nd December of the year 1977, the UN established the 29th of November each year as International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people. If we look a little at the history of Palestine, there are numerous denunciations for the illegal actions that the genocidal government of Israel has carried out systematically against the Palestinian people. Expropriation, destruction of homes, separation of families, illegal detentions ... Shown here are a few examples.

According to a United Nations document entitled "The Question of Palestine and the United Nations" in the section entitled "Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories" it is made clear that the United Nations opposes the Israeli policy of settlements since the first one took place. Moreover, not only does it oppose them, but terms them as "illegal" as well as giving them the status of "a serious obstacle to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East." A committee made up of Bolivia, Portugal and Zambia formed to examine the situation of illegal settlements did not get the cooperation of the Israeli Government, which was expected.

In its report of July 12, 1979, that is, twelve years after the first illegal settlement, the commission found that Israel's settlements policy had as its objectives: "the displacement of the Arab population, the seizure of land and control of water resources, destruction of houses and the estrangement of people ... / ... and other profound changes ... / ... that violated the Fourth Geneva Convention."

On the 10th of February 1999, United Nations describes as "unacceptable the acquisition of territory by force [carried out by the Israeli government by illegal settlements in the occupied territories]." The resolution asks the Secretary General (Kofi Annan, at the time) "to monitor the situation and present a report on the implementation of the resolution." The Secretary-General says, dated 26 June 1997, that "as of the 20th of June, the Government of Israel had not abandoned the construction of settlements."

A report in 2000 by the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights states that "since 1967 with varying degrees of intensity, Israel has expropriated about 60% of the West Bank, 33% of the Gaza Strip and approximately 33% of Palestinian land in Jerusalem, in order to create Israeli military zones, settlements, industrial zones, build roads and quarries and maintain "state land" for exclusive Israeli use."

The same report gave more details of the planned extermination of Palestinian identity by the Government of Israel. For example: "The Israeli occupation forces were often punitive and Palestinian homes were subject to violent demolitions for lack of a building permit and there were also forced evictions of entire villages. Since 1987, 16,700 Palestinians (including 7,300 children) had lost their homes in this way." Or this: "Israeli occupation practices also affect the natural environment in the occupied Palestinian territories, in particular, degradation of infrastructure, land confiscation, water depletion, destruction of trees, dumping of toxic waste and other pollution."

We can also find different resolutions demanding that, "Israel stop and reverse the construction of the wall on occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem and its surroundings, which departed from the Armistice Line of 1949 and was inconsistent with the relevant provisions of international law. "This resolution (ES-10/13), as well as many others, have failed due to U.S. vetoes.

On 9 July 2004 at the request of United Nations, the International Court of Justice ruled on the construction of the wall being built by Israel on Palestinian territory, saying that:

1 .- The wall is contrary to international law.

2 .- Israel has the obligation to terminate its breaches of international law, and has an obligation to cease forthwith the construction of the wall being built on Occupied Palestinian Territory.

3 .- Israel has an obligation to make reparation for all damage caused by the construction of the wall on Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem and its surroundings.

4 .- The United Nations, and especially the General Assembly and the Security Council should consider what further action is necessary to end the illegal situation resulting from the construction of the wall and its associated regime, taking due account of this Advisory Opinion.

As expected, the government of Israel rejected the report accusing the UN of political prejudice against Israel in defense of Arab interests.

The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Aid of the UN in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OCHAOPT), estimated that thousands of Palestinians will remain isolated and controlled by several stretches of the barrier of 707 kilometers that have been built since July 2010 (over 61%). It is possible to interpret that one of the clearest objectives pursued by the Israeli government in building the infamous wall is the atomization of the population and the Palestinian territories, which make the formation of a Palestinian state virtually impossible.

Pages: 12

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