Moscow rules out the possibility of international mediating in the settlement of the Chechen crisis. "It is out of question," the Russian competent sources reported commenting the presence of Besim Tibuk, the leader of the Turkish Liberal Democratic Party, at the meeting between Viktor Kazantsev, the Plenipotentiary Presidential Envoy to the Southern Federal District, and Akhmed Zakayev. This meeting took place the other day in the Sheremetyevo-2 international airport. The sources added that "there were two reasons" for the Turkish presence. First, Tibuk "sponsored Zakayev and paid for his return-ticket for the Instanbul-Moscow charter flight." Second, the sources reported that Zakayev himself considered the Turkish representative a "guarantor of his personal safety."
Turkish President Erdogan called for a revision of the 1923 Lausanne Treaty, which consolidated the results of the First World War for Turkey in 1923
On December 10, 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, its thirty articles enshrining basic and fundamental rights guaranteeing dignity of the human person and equality for all, regardless of race, color, creed or gender. A pipe dream?
Vladimir Putin's aircraft landed on Hmeymim airbase of the Russian Air Force in Syria in the morning of December 11