Source Pravda.Ru

Bill White: American Media Uses Disinformation To Guide Policy: Corporations Have More Say Than Bush On Foreign Affairs

"94% of Americans support George Bush’s decision to bomb Afghanistan" Washington’s main news radio station announced Sunday, as attacks began. "This is an unprecedented level of support -- even during the Gulf campaign, only 74% of Americans supported military action. America is truly united."

The report followed the release of a poll by CNN-USA Today-Gallup, stating that 30% of Americans blame the September 11 attack on US-Israeli Policy, but 92% believe the US should join forces with Israel in fighting it’s war. But those reports were in stark contrast to polls that appeared outside of the US media. A poll released by Reuters to the Israeli press showed that 58% of Americans believe that US Israel policy was primarily responsible for the attack, and that a plurality of Americans -- 46% to 43% -- believe that the US should begin withdrawing from the Middle East and particularly reducing or cutting aid to Israel. That poll never made it onto Washington news radio

It wasn't the only one.

Since the attack Americans have been bombarded with the notion that it is their freedom and their democracy, and not its foreign policy and global empire, that the Muslim world hates. And while the Bush government has so far moved forward with quite a bit of moderation, the line of the American media has been one of infinite escalation -- with Iraq, with Syria, with all of Islam, and with the entire world.

Disinformation on Foreign Affairs

When the US attempted to invoke the ANZUS treaty -- a mutual defense treaty linking Australia, New Zealand, and the United States -- New Zealand repudiated the treaty and withdrew from the alliance, saying that unity with the United States' aggressive foreign policy was not in line with New Zealand's obligation to provide for it's people's sovereignty and security. The news never reached the American public. Instead they only heard the refrain "The entire world supports us."

When the AP wire ran a story telling of tens of thousands of Greek soccer fans burning American and Israeli flags shortly after the September 11 attacks, it didn’t hit American newspapers’ front pages. And when the BBC reported that three fifths of Greek "right-wingers" and three quarters of Greek "left-wingers" opposed US policy, that result never made it across the pond. Again there was only one refrain: "The entire world supports us."

And when the strongest evidence of international dissatisfaction at the bombing of Afghanistan came forward -- A Gallup poll showing that while the world’s governments may be supporting the US out of fear of American military power, in only three countries in the world -- the USA, Israel and India -- did the majority support the actions, there was silence. It wasn't that the American media hadn't heard it -- it's just that the news was suppressed.

It wasn't the US government's line that the polls contradicted, and the polls weren't suppressed by any government agency -- they didn't have to be. The major media -- the radio stations, television stations, and newspapers -- simply ignored the news by common consent. There was no need for the government to enact censorship -- if the news contradicted the policy line that the media was pressuring the government to adopt, the media ignored the news. Andthis is because the quagmire of Afghanistan is an affair the media is dragging the government into kicking and screaming.

The Fourth Estate

Despite the talk of "Big Oil", "Big Tobacco", "Big Pharmaceuticals" and the centralized, corporate control of America’s most powerful industries, there is little talk in the American mainstream of "Big Media", and the role a handful of individuals have played in centralizing the control of American "free press" into their handful of hands. It has become almost impossible in the United States to pick up a newspaper or a magazine, turn on a radio, or watch a television station without being bombarded by a deliberately crafted and censored propaganda message of a minority that, despite not being elected into power, play the defining role in shaping what politicians and the American public believe about each other, and thus, by extension, the policies that those politicians and the American public adopt.

Foreigners to the United States are often surprised that American news is not directly censored and that the government does not pass laws that dictate what can and cannot be reported. This is because in most countries control of information is seen as the prerogative of the state. In contrast, in America, the press is supposed to be decentralized, like the government is supposed to be, and under the control of localities and individuals that reside in them. But like most American ideals, in the past century the ideal of decentralization and freedom has been betrayed and inverted. Now the American press is a centralized lobby, which plays in Washington with all the other lobbies for its piece of the government's power, which it does not hesitate to use to push an agenda that is absolute alien to the needs of America's working people.

In America the press does little but inflame public passions and guide public thought, while remarkably presenting "news" that just so happens to reinforce and justify its political line in every detail. The result is a symbiotic, rather than confrontational, relationship with the US government. The media chooses policies it wants the government to enact, and it lavishes praise and builds the public profile of politicians that are willing to enact them. Politicians that don’t are either attacked in the media during the next election, or even worse, totally denied access to all public exposure. If a politician were to say, for instance, that the US should end aid to Israel, during the next election cycle the local branch of the national news conglomerates would publish articles in their district saying that the politician had failed his constituents on some other issue -- maybe local agricultural subsidies -- and that he was expected to lose and that the community was backing his opponent and all kinds of other nonsense that would appear to be unrelated, but in reality would be a pay back for his refusal to play ball.

What this means is that a handful of wealthy men and women -- Gerald Levin, Steven Case, Michael Eisner, Sumner Redstone, Rupert Murdoch, Peter Chernin, Andrew Lack, Johnathan Wolman, Michael Silverman, Donald Graham, Arthur Sulzberger, Joseph Lelyveld, Peter Kann, Mortimer Zuckerman, Anthony Ridder, Douglas H. McCorkindale, Jeffrey Chandler, Frank Bennack and a few others (see chart below) -- can effectively come together and dictate police to the government. Can and do.

Front Groups And Ambassadors

"We're going to need to have these corporations redefined as instruments of public service because they have the resources, they have the reach, they have the skill base, and maybe there's a new generation coming up that wants to achieve meaning in that context and have an impact, and that may be a more efficient way to deal with society's problems than governments," -- Gerald Levin, testimony before Congress, July 27, 2001

The means by which the media barons have come to control America’s politics, and have gained the power to drive America into war, is through the placement of other individuals -- their mouthpieces -- into dominant positions in the commentary and opinion sections of newspapers, and in the administration and in the advisory boards that send policy to the administration.

Immediately before every major intervention, a council, committee, or institute has formed, composed of academics, politicians, and particularly representatives of the media conglomerates -- the editor of at least one major "elite" commentary publication (left or right, depending on the administration) among them -- which has released a public statement, had that statement picked up by the press, and had that statement form the line that all media organizations in the country uniformly take. Prior to the US bombing of Afghanistan, the media line was set by the "Project for a New American Century" -- a "think tank" with an AOL email address (PNAC@aol.com) headed by Rupert Murdoch employee William Kristol, and including among its members prominent columnists from the Washington Post (Charles Krauthammer), the New York Times (Norman Podhoretz), the National Review (William Buckley) and many of the other major media organizations, plus their neo-con friends in the administration, like Defense Policy Board Chair Richard Perle. Before the US interventions first in Bosnia, then in Kosovo, the organization in charge was the Balkan Institute, who included among its board members professional Holocaust survivor Elie Weisel, musician’s wife Bianca Jagger, columnist Susan Sontag, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, Richard Perle, Charles Krauthammer, Norman Podhoretz and a collection of ambassadors from the media and the defense establishment. Just prior to the last Kosovo bombing, New Republic editor Larry Kaplan headed an open letter, almost identical to the one published by William Kristol, that appeared with the same old names and faces and laid out the line that the media took for that bombing. Similar letters, with only gradual changes in personalities, appeared when the media lobbied for war with China earlier this year, US intervention in Angola in the 1980s, in Grenada, in Panama, in Iraq, in Somalia, in Haiti, and in every other US military action for the past twenty years (and more, though the internet makes the records of the most recent wars more easily available.)

And for those who want amusement, these "councils" often last only as long as the current administration, before the same people re-organize under a different name, push a "right" instead of a "left" leaning leader into power, and promote the same policies. The website for the Balkan Institute ( http://www.balkaninstitute.org), abandoned as a front group at the end of the Clinton Administration, now serves hard-core pornography.

War On Two Fronts

Though the media lobby is not the only lobby in the American government, it's control of the public's access to information means that it usually gets what it wants. What it wants now, and has been wanting for the past month, is World War III. And while the Bush administration appears to be trying hard to fight it, and keeping this war-that-is-not-a-war within limits, the media, with its ties to American Zionism is dangerously attempting to pull the administration forward.

In the waning days of George the First, the president complained publicly that he was "one lonely little guy" under siege from "powerful political forces." Jewish groups immediately denounced him, claiming he had engaged in a "disgusting display of, if not anti-Semitism, at least something close to it." The media, step-in-fetch-its to the Zionists as they are, responded. Overnight, Bush went from the hero of the Gulf War to the butt of taunts. "Bush is a wimp" and "It's the economy stupid" replaced the yellow ribbon campaign.

Recently the New Republic, a prominent "liberal" opinion journal (though the description of it as "liberal" is totally arbitrary -- its politics are the same as the National Review or the Weekly Standard), republished an essay by Larry Kaplan, it's editor, threatening Bush and challenging George the Second to prove that he was going to play ball -- and reminding the President of the way pro-Israel groups used the media to destroy his father after he refused to toe the Zionist line.

"Domestic politics could tilt a Bush presidency away from Israel, so might elements of W.'s foreign policy team," Kaplan warned, but if that tilt came, a "plausible outcome might be the one many Israel supporters anticipate: Like father, like son."

Antiwar.com columnist Scott McConnell was even more explicit in describing the threat Bush Jr’s policies are under from the pro-Israel crowd:

“Bush will soon find himself fighting a two front war, first to rally American and world opinion to support strikes against the Taliban, and secondly against a domestic lobby which will fight [him] tooth and nail ..."

And for those left with any doubt, anti-globalist economist Jude Wanninski wrote of the links between Zionist officials in the administration and the press in an open memo to Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld (posted on his website polyconomics.com):

“Wolfowitz, and his pal Richard Perle, have been calling all their friends in the Washington press corps, urging them to beat the drums for war with Iraq[.] Perle actually signed the ‘famous’ letter of 41 drafted by Bill Kristol, editor of the Weekly Standard, who is Perle’s mouthpiece in Washington. (Bill Safire of the New York Times is of course Perle’s mouthpiece in New York. It is incomprehensible to me that [the US government] would allow Perle to remain … where he is permitted to read all the most sensitive secret traffic flowing through the Pentagon.”

Conclusions

The situation in America is a vivid demonstration of what can go wrong when small wealthy cliques are permitted to gain monopoly control over an industry vital to the health of a nation -- and why most of the world's ruling cliques view control of the media as vital to their control of the state. America now sees groups of individuals actively using their control over the organs of public information to force politics on elected officials without regard to the good of the country or its people, and deliberately misinforming the people in order to make them believe that mistaken policies are correct. What is worse is that one sees a large portion of the population following along.

Ultimately what has occurred in America is the failure of free market capitalism. One of the problems of the Soviet revolution is that it allowed a bureaucratic elite to launch a counter-revolution from within and establish themselves as a new bourgeois. The American Revolution allowed the same opportunity, in different form. While developing a Constitution that protected excellently against abuses by the government, it did not allow the citizenry any method of rectifying abuses practiced by other citizens, and did not place any limits on the powers of the "private" shadow government which formed when capitalist competition and the war of all against all left the majority of the nation’s wealth in the hands of a non-governmental “private” elite. What is left is a cabal of powerful men that form a barrier between the people and their government, and that filter information so as to only give the public information it wants them to have, and which places itself both above the people and government and beyond any scrutiny by either -- making itself a force greater in power than any other. How much longer the Bush government or the American people will allow themselves to be pushed around by these forces of subversion remain to be seen. The Bush family is certainly aware of these shadows’ power and intentions, and the American people grow more so every day. But as long as the shadows operate a barrier to information, and are able to block the beam of the light of truth, the question remains if enough people will ever have enough information to challenge them. But after all, at least there is no censorship in America. Here it is called "editorial discretion."

The Barons

American media is owned by a handful of corporations, and these are names that the people of the world need to know:

AOL -- Time – Warner: (Gerald Levin and Steven Case)

HBO (Jeffrey Bewkes)

HBO

Cinemax

Comedy Central

Time Inc (Don Logan and Norman Pearlstine)

Time Magazine

Sports Illustrated

People

Entertainment Weekly

Fortune

Money

Business 2.0

Southern Living

Popular Science

Outdoor Life

Field and Stream

Parenting

Family Life (43 other magazines)

Time – Warner Trade Publishing (Laurence Kirshbaum)

IPublish.com

Little, Brown and Company

Warner Books

Warner Music (Roger Ames)

Atlantic Records

Elektra Entertainment

London-Sire Records

Rhino Entertainment

Warner Brothers Records

Columbia House

Maverick Records

RuffNation Records

Strictly Rhythm Records

Sub Pop Records

Tommy Boy Records

(10 other recording companies)

Warner Brothers Studios (Barry Meyer)

Warner Brothers Pictures

Warner Brothers Television

Warner Brothers Animation

Looney Tunes

Hanna-Barbara

Castle Rock Entertainment

Telepictures Productions

Warner Home Video

MAD Magazine

DC Comics (5 other studio production companies)

New Line Cinema (Robert Shaye)

Fine Line Features

Time-Warner Cable (Glenn Britt)

Turner Broadcasting (Jamie Kellner)

The WB! Television Network (Jordan Levin)

CNN (Walter Isaacson)

TBS Superstation

Turner Network Television

Cartoon Network

Turner Classic Movies

Court TV

Atlanta Braves (sports team)

Atlanta Hawks (sports team)

Atlanta Thrashers (sports team)

America On-Line

Compuserve

Digital City

Digital Marketing

ICQ

IPlanet

Mapquest

Moviefone

Netscape

Walt Disney Company (Michael Eisner)

Walt Disney Studios (Joseph Roth)

Walt Disney Pictures

Touchstone Pictures

Hollywood Pictures

Caravan Pictures (Roger Birnbaum)

Capital Cities /

ABC

ABC Television Network

ABC World News Tonight (Paul Friedman)

ABC Family Channel aka

Fox Family Channel

Saban Entertainment

Disney Channel

The Soap Network

Toon Disney

ESPN (Steven Bornstein)

Lifetime Television

A & E Networks

The History Channel

The Biography Channel

The Style Channel

E! Entertainment

Fairchild Publications

Chilton Publications

Diversified Publishing Group

Miramax Films (Bob and Harvey Weinstein)

Walt Disney Television

Touchstone Television

Buena Vista Television

Go.com

Infoseek

CBS – Viacom (Sumner Redstone aka Murray Rothstein)

Paramount Pictures (Sherry Lansing)

Paramount Home Entertainment

CBS (Melvin Karmazin)

CBS Television Network

Special Events Coverage (Al Ortiz)

CBS Evening News With Dan Rather (Jim Murphy)

CBS Early Show (Steve Friedman)

CBS Radio

Infinity Broadcasting

Group W

Country Music Television

Nashville Network

Viacom (Sumner Redstone and Melvin Karmazin)

Viacom Television Stations Group

Paramount Television

United Paramount Network (UPN)

United Cinemas International (Movie theaters)

Famous Players (Movie theaters)

Blockbuster (video rentals)

Paramount Parks

Showtime

MTV

The Music Factory –

Netherlands

MTV Dance – Britain

MTV Live – Scandanavia

Cecchi Gori Communications – Italy

Nickelodeon

VH-1

TV Land

Noggin

Comedy Central (jointly owned)

The Movie Channel

Country Music Television

Flix

The Sundance Channel (jointly owned)

Simon and Schuster

Scribner

The Free Press

Pocket Books

Spelling Productions

Famous Music (copyright holder of musical works)

Vivendi –Universal (Jean-Marie Messier and Edgar Bronfman)

Seagrams Gin Company, Ltd

Universal Studios

Universal Music

Farmclub.com

Interscope Geffen A&M Records

Island Def Jam Records

MCA Records

Motown Records

Mercury Nashville

Verve Music Group

Lost Highway Records

PolyGram Records

Deutsche Grammophon

Decca-London

Philips

Computer Games

Blizzard Entertainment

Sierra

Universal Interactive

Flipside Network

News Corporation (Rupert Murdoch and Peter Chernin

News Corp Publishing

Harper Collins

William Morrow and Company

Avon Books

Amistad Press

Fourth Estate

Fox Cable

FX

Los Angeles Dodgers (sports team)

National Geographic Channel

Fox Magazines

The Weekly Standard (William Kristol)

Fox Television Network

BskyB

Channel(V)

Sky Perfect TV

STAR

Stream

20th Century Fox Films (Laura Ziskin)

Blue Sky Studios

Fox 2000

Fox Entertainment (Peter Roth)

New York Post (Peter Chernin)

TV Guide (Peter Chernin)

Festival Records

Mushroom Records

[16 Australian and 9 British newspapers as well]

General Electric (Jack Welch)

NBC (Andrew Lack)

Dateline NBC (Neal Shapiro)

NBC Entertainment (Jeff Zucker)

Today Show (Johnathan Wald)

NBC Nightly News (Steve Capus)

Columbia Tri-Star Pictures

RCA

Associated Press (Johnathan Wolman -- Michael Silverman)

Newhouse Media (Samuel and Donald Newhouse)

Advance Publications

The Advance Newspaper Group - Michigan

Ann Arbor News

Bay City Times

Birmingham News

Bridgeton News

Cleveland Plain Dealer

Cleveland Sun Newspapers

Flint Journal

Gloucester County Times

Grand Rapids Press

Hillsboro Argus

Huntsville Times

Jackson Citizen Patriot

Jersey Journal

Kalamazoo Gazette

Mobile Register

Mobile Press-Register

Muskegon Chronicle

Newark Star-Ledger

New Jersey Sunbeam

New Orleans Times-Picayune

The Oregonian

Pennsylvania Express-Times

Pennsylvania Patriot-News

Saginaw News

Springfield Union-News

Springfield Republican

Staten Island Advance

Syracuse Post-Standard

Syracuse Herald-Journal

Conde Nast

Parade

New Yorker Magazine

Vogue

Mademoiselle

Glamour

Vanity Fair

Bride’s

Gentleman’s Quarterly

Self

House and Garden

Newhouse Broadcasting

The Washington Post Company (Donald “Meyer” Graham)

Newsweek Magazine

Gazette Newspapers

Cable One Network

WDIV television Detroit

KPRC television Houston

WPLG television Miami

WKMG television Orlando

KSAT television San Antonio

WJXT television Jacksonville

International Herald-Tribune (w/NY Times)

The New York Times (Arthur Sulzberger - Joseph Lelyveld)

Boston Globe

Florence Times-Daily

Gadsen Times

Gainesville Sun

Hendersonville Times-News

Houma Courier

Lakeland Ledger

Lexington Dispatch

Ocala Star-Banner

Petaluma Argus-Courier

Santa Rosa Press Democrat

Sarasota Herald-Tribune

Spartanburg Herald-Journal

Thibadoux Daily Comet

Tuscaloosa News

Wilmington Morning Star

Worcester Telegram and Gazette

McCall’s

Family Circle

New York Times News Service

New York Times Book Review

International Herald-Tribune (w/Washington Post), [also eight radio stations]

Dow Jones & Company, Inc (Peter R. Kann)

The Wall Street Journal (Peter R. Kann)

Opinion Journal

Barron’s

Smart Money

US News and World Report (Mortimer Zuckerman)

New York Daily News

Atlantic Monthly [substantial real estate holdings]

Knight-Ridder (Anthony Ridder)

Aberdeen American News

Akron Beacon Journal

Belleville News-Democrat

The (Biloxi) Sun Herald

Bradenton Herald

The Charlotte Observer

The (Columbia) State

Columbus Ledger-Enquirer

Contra Costa Newspapers

Contra Costa Times

Valley Times

West County Times

San Ramon Valley Times

Detroit Free Press

Duluth News Tribune

The (Fort Wayne) News-Sentinel

Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Grand Forks Herald

The Kansas City Star

Lexington Herald-Leader

The Macon Telegraph

The Miami Herald

el Nuevo Herald

The (Monterey County) Herald

The (Myrtle Beach) Sun News

The Olathe Daily News

Philadelphia Daily News

The Philadelphia Inquirer

Saint Paul Pioneer Press

San Jose Mercury News

The (San Luis Obispo) Tribune

(State College) Centre Daily Times

Tallahassee Democrat

The (Warner Robins) Daily Sun

The Wichita Eagle

The (Wilkes-Barre)Times Leader

The (Belton, Mo.)Star-Herald

The (Cahokia-Dupo, Ill.) Herald

The (Cambria, Calif.) Cambrian

The (Cass County, Mo.) Democrat-Missourian

Florida Keys Keynoter

Highland (Ill.) News Leader

Lee’s Summit (Mo.) Journal

Mansfield (Texas)News-Mirror

The (Marissa-New Athens, Ill.) Journal-Messenger

(Morro Bay, Calif.) Sun-Bulletin

Hills Newspapers

Alameda (Calif.) Journal

Berkeley (Calif.) Voice

The (El Cerrito,Calif.)Journal

The (North Oakland, Calif.) Montclarion

The (Piedmont, Calif.)Piedmo

The Legal Reporter

O’Fallon Progress

The (Pinckneyville, Ill.) Democrat

The (Pittston, Pa.) Sunday Dispatch

(Scott Air Force Base, Ill.) Base News

Sparta (Ill.)News-PlainDealer

The (Tavernier, Fla.) Reporter

The Republic-Times

Knight Ridder News Wire

Gannett (Douglas H. McCorkindale)

USA Today

Montgomery Advertiser, Montgomery

The Arizona Republic, Phoenix

Tucson Citizen, Tucson

The Baxter Bulletin, Mountain Home

The Californian, Salinas

The Desert Sun, Palm Springs

Tulare Advance-Register, Tulare

Visalia Times-Delta, Visalia

Fort Collins Coloradoan, Fort Collins

Norwich Bulletin, Norwich

The News Journal, Wilmington

FLORIDA TODAY, Brevard County

The News-Press, Fort Myers

Pensacola News Journal, Pensacola

The Times, Gainesville

Pacific Daily News, Hagatna

The Honolulu Advertiser, Honolulu

The Idaho Statesman, Boise

Rockford Register Star, Rockford

Chronicle-Tribune, Marion

The Daily Ledger, Fishers

The Indianapolis Star, Indianapolis

Journal and Courier, Lafayette

Palladium-Item, Richmond

The Star Press, Muncie

Vincennes Sun-Commercial, Vincennes

The Des Moines Register, Des Moines

Iowa City Press-Citizen, Iowa City

The Courier-Journal, Louisville

Alexandria Daily Town Talk, Alexandria

The Daily Advertiser, Lafayette

The News-Star, Monroe

Daily World, Opelousas

The Times, Shreveport

The Daily Times, Salisbury

Battle Creek Enquirer, Battle Creek

The Detroit News, Detroit

The Detroit News and Free Press, Detroit

Lansing State Journal, Lansing

Times Herald, Port Huron

St. Cloud Times, St. Cloud

Hattiesburg American, Hattiesburg

The Clarion-Ledger, Jackson

Springfield News-Leader, Springfield

Great Falls Tribune, Great Falls

Reno Gazette-Journal, Reno

Asbury Park Press, Neptune

Courier News, Bridgewater

Courier-Post, Cherry Hill

The Daily Journal, Vineland

Daily Record, Morristown

Home News Tribune, East Brunswick

Ocean County Observer, Toms River

The Ithaca Journal, Ithaca

The Journal News, Westchester County

Observer-Dispatch, Utica

Poughkeepsie Journal, Poughkeepsie

Press & Sun-Bulletin, Binghamton

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, Rochester

Star-Gazette, Elmira

Asheville Citizen-Times, Asheville

The Advocate, Newark

Chillicothe Gazette, Chillicothe

The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati

Coshocton Tribune, Coshocton

Lancaster Eagle-Gazette, Lancaster

The Marion Star, Marion

News Herald, Port Clinton

News Journal, Mansfield

The News-Messenger, Fremont

Telegraph-Forum, Bucyrus

Times Recorder, Zanesville

Muskogee Daily Phoenix and Times-Democrat, Muskogee

Statesman Journal, Salem

Public Opinion, Chambersburg

The Greenville News, Greenville

Argus Leader, Sioux Falls

The Leaf-Chronicle, Clarksville

The Tennessean, Nashville

The Jackson Sun, Jackson

El Paso Times, El Paso

The Spectrum, St. George

The Burlington Free Press, Burlington

The Daily News Leader, Staunton

The Bellingham Herald, Bellingham

The Olympian, Olympia

The Herald-Dispatch, Huntington

The Daily Tribune, Wisconsin Rapids

Green Bay Press-Gazette, Green Bay

Herald Times Reporter, Manitowoc

Marshfield News-Herald, Marshfield

Oshkosh Northwestern, Oshkosh

The Post-Crescent, Appleton

The Reporter, Fond du Lac

The Sheboygan Press, Sheboygan

Stevens Point Journal, Stevens Point

Wausau Daily Herald, Wausau

[20 additional television stations]

[18 additional British newspapers]

[Additional non-daily publications]

Tribune Publishing Company (Jeffrey Chandler) LA Times (John Puerner - John Carroll)

Chicago Tribune

Newsday

The Baltimore Sun

South Florida Sun-Sentinel

Orlando Sentinel

Hartford Courant

Allentown Morning Call

Newport News Daily Press

Stamford Advocate

Greenwich Times

Tribune Entertainment Company

Chicago Cubs (sports teams)

Careerbuilder.com

Cars.com

Apartments.com

[22 additional television stations]

[4 additional radio stations]

Hearst Company (Frank A Bennack)

Hearst Newspapers (George Irish)

Albany Times-Union

Beaumont Enterprise

Edwardsville Intelligence

Houston Chronicle

Huron Daily Tribune

Laredo Times

Midland Daily News

Midland Reporter

Plainview Herald

San Antonio Express

San Francisco Chronicle

Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Hearst News Service

Hearst Magazines (Cathleen Black)

Cosmopolitan

Country Living

Esquire

Good Housekeeping

Harper’s Bazaar

Oprah Magazine

Popular Mechanics

Redbook

Smart Money

Town and Country

Hearst Entertainment (Raymond Joslin)

A & E Networks (joint ownership)

Cosmopolitan Television

ESPN (joint ownership)

The History Channel (joint ownership)

Lifetime (joint ownership)

[27 television stations]

[6 radio stations]

Village Voice (Leonard Stern)

National Review (William Buckley)

The New Republic (Larry Kaplan)

Universal Life Church of Reverend Sun Yung Moon (Sun Yung Moon)

Washington Times

United Press International

Further Reading:

Visit &to=http://www.thenewrepublic.com/110600/kaplan110600.html'target=_blank>Bush Versus Israel

Visit &to=http://www.antiwar.com/mcconnell/mc100501.html'target=_blank>The Bushes and The Palestinians

Visit &to=http://www.supplysideinvestor.com/showarticle.asp?articleid=1668' target=_blank>Fire Paul Wolfowitz!

Visit &to=http://www.natall.com/pub/100601.txt' target=_blank>Real Enemies

Visit &to=http://www.wsws.org/articles/2000/dec2000/med5-d27.shtml' target=_blank>The US Media: A Critical Component Of The Conspiracy Against Democratic Rights:

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