A ministry statement said Louis O'Neill in March tried to take an array of posters from the 1920s out of the country without proper documentation. The posters were found by customs agents in his luggage at Moscow's Domodedovo Airport, the ministry said.
If O'Neill, a U.S. citizen, does not appear for questioning, his name could be placed on the international wanted list, the statement said.
Russia has tight restrictions on export of art and historical objects, including requiring export certification for most items more than 50 years old.
Putin's official spokesman Dmitry Peskov commented on remarks in the US media about failures in launching nuclear-capable missiles in Russia
The Buk system that shot down MH17 belonged to the 53rd SAM missile brigade of the Russian Ministry of Defense, investigators say after looking at a few pictures on the net