Two Russians, Alexey Abrikosov and Vitaly Ginzburg, as well as an American of the British origin, Anthnoy Leggett, have been awarded the 2003 Nobel prizes in physics for their outstanding contribution to the theory of super-conductors and super-conductivity, according to a press-release published on the Nobel prize committee site.
Though these theories were formulated in the 1950s, they have become topical due to the rapid development of new materials, says the Nobel committee message.
Alexey Abrikosov, who was born in 1928 in Moscow, has got both the Russian and American citizenship and works as honorary researcher at the Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois, the USA.
Vitaly Ginzburg, who was born in Moscow in 1916, is a Russian citizen; he used to be in charge of a theoretical group at the Lebedev Physics Institute in Moscow.
Born in London in 1938, Anthony Leggett is naturalised as a British subject and US citizen and works at the University of Illinois in Urbana Champaigne, Illinois, the USA.
The winners will receive the prizes as a traditional ceremony will be staged at the Concert hall in the capital of Sweden on December 10, the day of Alfred Nobel's death. The value of the prize- 10,000 Swedish Kronas, will be divided equally between the three winners.