Source Pravda.Ru

Psychologists find link between anxiety and heart attacks

By Alex Steblinina. Psychologists say that anxiety is linked to many diseases – sometimes very serious – that are called psychosomatic. It’s proven now that anxious and fearful people have higher risk to have heart attack.

Those who scored the highest on the tests of anxiety are 30-40 percent more likely to have the attack.

Standard risks such as diet and smoking were factored in, psychologists Biing-Jiun Shen and colleagues said.

Older men with sustained and pervasive anxiety seem to be in the highest risk.

Anxiety is a physiological state characterized by cognitive, somatic, emotional, and behavioral components. These components combine to create the feelings that we typically recognize as fear, apprehension, or worry.

Anxiety is often accompanied by physical sensations such as heart palpitations, nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath, stomach aches, or headache. The cognitive component entails expectation of a diffuse and certain danger. Somatically the body prepares the organism to deal with threat (known as an emergency reaction): blood pressure and heart rate are increased, sweating is increased, bloodflow to the major muscle groups is increased, and immune and digestive system functions are inhibited.

Externally, somatic signs of anxiety may include pale skin, sweating, trembling, and pupillary dilation. Emotionally, anxiety causes a sense of dread or panic and physically causes nausea, and chills.

Behaviorally, both voluntary and involuntary behaviors may arise directed at escaping or avoiding the source of anxiety and often maladaptive, being most extreme in anxiety disorders. However, anxiety is not always pathological or maladaptive: it is a common emotion along with fear, anger, sadness, and happiness, and it has a very important function in relation to survival.

Comments
Russian government prepares to get rid of US dollar in economy
Russian government prepares to get rid of US dollar in economy
Turkey desperately tries to rescue its national currency as it falls to all-time lows
Turkey desperately tries to rescue its national currency as it falls to all-time lows
US sanctions to kill Russian banks and sovereign debt?
Russia builds new robotic tank invulnerable to mines
Russia builds new robotic tank invulnerable to mines
Russia starts Star Wars first. USA concerned and puzzled
Turkey and USA take their relationship to breaking point
US sanctions to kill Russian banks and sovereign debt?
US sanctions to kill Russian banks and sovereign debt?
Details of Putin-Merkel surprise meeting unveiled
Turkey and USA take their relationship to breaking point
Iran shows new ICBM that can evade radars
US refuses to explain reasons behind new 'draconian' sanctions
Russia starts Star Wars first. USA concerned and puzzled
US sanctions to kill Russian banks and sovereign debt?
Pilot shares his impressions after flying Su-57 fifth-generation fighter
Russia to respond with military-strategic blow to new USA's sanctions
Russian government prepares to get rid of US dollar in economy
Russia to respond with military-strategic blow to new USA's sanctions