Source Pravda.Ru

U.S. Ranks First in Science, Other Countries Getting Closer

The U.S. remains the world's science and technology leader, but other countries are gaining ground, the National Science Board said Friday in its biennial report on science and engineering.

The U.S. accounted for nearly a third of $1.1 trillion spent on research and development globally in 2007, minted more science and engineering doctorates than any other country, and led the world in innovative activity. Efforts by China and other developing Asian countries to boost their science and engineering capabilities are bearing fruit, however, and the gap between them and the U.S., though still wide, is narrowing.

For the 10 years ending in 2007, the most recent year for which the data were available, spending on research and development grew between 5% and 6% annually in the U.S., Japan and the European Union. Similar spending in India, South Korea and Taiwan grew an average 9% to 10% a year over the same period. In China, it averaged more than 20%.

The U.S. awarded 22,500 doctorates in natural sciences and engineering in 2007, but more than half of them were awarded to foreign nationals. Past experience suggests that rather than return to their native countries, many of those new Ph.D.s will stay in the U.S.

The report noted that 60% of temporary visa holders who earned doctorates in science in engineering in 1997 were working in the U.S. in 2007. The National Science Board is the advisory body of the National Science Foundation, an independent U.S. government agency.

U.S. researchers published about a quarter of an estimated 760,000 research articles in peer-reviewed journals in 2008. Chinese researchers published 8% of the research articles, up from just 1% in 1988.

Despite China's strides, researchers in China accounted for only about 1% of U.S. patents granted in 2008. Inventive activity in China "appears elusive, at least as indicated by patents filed in a major Western market," despite Chinese government efforts, the report noted.

U.S.-based inventors accounted for 49% of patents granted, down from 55% in 1995.

Wall Street Journal has contributed to the report.

The Basmanny Court of Moscow arrested Michael Calvey, the founder of Baring Vostok investment fund, on allegations of embezzling 2.5 billion rubles from Vostochny Bank. Calvey will be held in custody until April 13

Putin informed about arrest of US investor Michael Calvey
Comments
The Great GOP Tax Cut Heist a Year Later
Smartphones and social networks not allowed in the Russian Army
Putin addresses social issues, threatens USA with Russia's new missiles in his 15th Federal Assembly speech
Trump Reportedly to Declare a National Emergency for Border Wall Funding
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show
UK wants Sergei Skripal dead
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show
International Opposition to Attempted Trump Regime Coup in Venezuela
Homosexuality and the Decline in American Values
Russia's S-400 missiles lost in storm during transportation to China
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show
Putin addresses social issues, threatens USA with Russia's new missiles in his 15th Federal Assembly speech
Putin addresses social issues, threatens USA with Russia's new missiles in his 15th Federal Assembly speech
Putin addresses social issues, threatens USA with Russia's new missiles in his 15th Federal Assembly speech
New 'bill from hell' against Russia to bring hell to USA
New 'bill from hell' against Russia to bring hell to USA
Putin addresses social issues, threatens USA with Russia's new missiles in his 15th Federal Assembly speech
Smartphones and social networks not allowed in the Russian Army
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show
The Hypocrisy of the Chinese World Dog Show