Volcanoes might have played a crucial role in kick-starting life on Earth, according to new results from an old experiment that sat on the shelf for more than 50 years.
Chemists Harold Urey and Stanley Miller performed a landmark experiment in 1953 intended to mimic the primordial conditions that created the first amino acids, by exposing a mix of gases to a lightning-like electrical discharge.
Five years later, Miller performed another variation on this experiment - by adding hydrogen sulphide, a gas spewed out by volcanoes, to the mix, Sify reports.
One of Dr Miller's former students, Jeffrey Bada, who is currently a Professor of Marine Chemistry at San Diego-based Scripps Institution of Oceanography, analysed the residue samples from the original 1958 experiment and found that Dr Miller was the first scientist to synthesise sulphur-containing amino acids. Prof Bada found 23 amino acids and 4 amines in Dr Miller's discarded samples.
Dr Miller, gained worldwide recognition for his earliest work in 1953, passed away in 2007, according to TopNews New Zealand.
The Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation put the head of the contractor company of Russia's space corporation Roskosmos, Sergei Slastikhin, on international wanted list
"Washington operators of the sanctions machine ought to get acquainted with the history of Russia, to stop the unnecessary fussing," spokesperson for the Foreign Ministry said