Source Pravda.Ru

35 years ago Russia became the world's pioneer of satellite communications

Thirty-five years ago, the former Soviet Union was the first to transmit the central TV signal via an artificial satellite of the Earth.

According to the press service of the Kosmicheskaya Svyaz (Space Communication) enterprise, the first space communications centre was built 20 km from Moscow. It was this station that on November 2nd 1967 started transmitting TV signal broadcast from Ostankino to other regions via the Molnia-1 satellite.

That was first step which triggered a rapid development of satellite communications. On October 20th 1967, the Molnia-1 started broadcasting TV and radio programmes within the Orbita system.

The Soviet Union was the first country to use satellites on high elliptical orbits for communication and broadcasting purposes thus establishing a direct TV broadcasting. In 1965, the Soviet Union put to operation a system of the Molnia-type satellites on the high elliptical orbit. In 1976, the country launched the Ekran-M satellite - the world's first TV-broadcasting geosyncronous satellite.

The 1990s marked the beginning of a new stage of satellite communication and broadcasting in Russia, whose hallmark was the use of not only foreign-made re-transmitting equipment, but also of the best Russian-made instrument-making technologies.

The programme to renew the national satellite group, which was adopted in 2002, envisages that five new-generation Express-AM communication and TV-broadcasting satellites with advanced characteristics will be produced and delivered to a geosyncronous orbit within the next 5 years. This programme is expected to preserve Russia's orbital potential and to considerably improve the capabilities of the Russian TV.

Comments
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
Russia unveils nuclear-powered interstellar spaceship
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
The Amazon and the New Conquistadores
Moving inexorably towards war
Capital outflow from Russia sets new records
US-led coalition strikes Assad's army in Syria
US-led coalition strikes Assad's army in Syria
US-led coalition strikes Assad's army in Syria
Moving inexorably towards war
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
Indian Origin of Egyptian Civilization
The difference between Polish and Ukrainian nationalism is plain to see
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
What weapons the USA, Russia and China may use in case of World War III
USA plays to pretend a mighty dragon that can no longer breathe fire
Sanctions do not stop foreign countries from buying Russia's S-400 systems
Mikhail Gorbachev shares his thoughts on nuclear war