Japan, Washington's top ally in Asia, withdrew its Indian Ocean contingent after the government failed to reach a compromise with the main opposition party, which is against the mission.
While U.S. officials have said coalition operations in Afghanistan will not be seriously impaired by Japan's withdrawal, they have expressed disappointment over it.
Japan's military has refueled coalition warships in the Indian Ocean since 2001, and sent ground troops to Iraq in 2004-06.
Fukuda plans to travel to Washington for talks with U.S. President George Bush later this month, according to news reports.
The Chinese military believe that Beijing and Moscow must resist pressure from Washington together