The meeting scheduled for Wednesday in the northeast Chinese city of Harbin will be the third of its kind. The meetings have fueled speculation that the consultations are aimed at forming an alliance to counter the influence of the United States in the region.
International and regional issues will be discussed, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Liu Jianchao said, but stressed the talks were "not targeted against any third party."
The countries have in the past vehemently denied that they were forming a coalition against American dominance.
Energy security figured prominently at previous talks this February and in June 2005, with energy-starved India and China eyeing Russia's rich oil and gas reserves.