It is often said that military and security ex-officers stand behind actions against Russian oligarchs, independent mass-media, and lowering the role of International business in Russian economy to minimum.
A quarter of "elite" in the current Russian government are security forces veterans. They occupy about 2,000 important places.
Three of the regional governors used to be high-rank KGB officers, just like the heads of "Slavneft", "Domodedovo Airways", and many
For many years, Alexander Lebedev has been a spy. Having finished MGIMO (Moscow State University of International Relations, a p level education unit in
Today Lebedev changed from spying for businessmen to being one of them. He is the president of the National Reserve bank and an important shareholder in "Aeroflot". Finally, he is balloting to become a
A history of a KGB agent going business is not rare for
It is often said that these ex-officers stand behind actions against Russian oligarchs, independent mass-media, and lowering the role of International business in Russian economy to minimum. Analysts argue that this force is the most powerful in politics who supported arrest of Khodorkovsky, who criticized their role in Putin cabinet.
According to one group of analyst, Putin himself is not in charge for that arrest, and tries to minimize negative outcomes of it (especially for international investors), and this means military ex-officers became so powerful that even president can not fully control them.
"These people use authoritarian methods. They do not understand and do not like democracy. They think that the most important of all Putin is doing for
She has got close to many people of this circle during the study, and argues that they are strictly against political activities of Khodorkovsky.
Khodorkovsky crossed the line when came to Kremlin in normal clothes one day: an unofficial jacket, a loosen shirt. "He appeared before the audience, including Putin, without a tie", tells Kryshtanovskaya. "These people told it was just out of any norms, something they could not stand anymore"
A last month's departure of Alexander Voloshin was another victory of the former military functoneers, as Voloshin used to protect interest of big business and pro-western reforms. He left right after Khodorkovsky was arrested, what looked like an end to the only group opposed to ex-militarists in the government.
He goes on: "It would be unjust to see Putin as a holy lamb, surrounded and controlled by a group of wolves, who finally got the power. Putin is a wolf himself. And I'm trying to explain to everyone who wants to hear: security and military officers today dream only about re-establishing of totalitarian state in
A moral crisis spread over KGB veterans with the fall of communism in the 90ies. It suddenly appeared that no one needs material they produced. In foreign embassies they were stared at as "plagued'
Then came capitalism. New companies appeared; regional governments were formed. Federal government needed analysts to create Constitution, juridical system and market economy just as well. The best (and only) analysts in
A group most closely linked to the military and security officers is National Strategy Council, which claimed in its report in the beginning of the year that oligarchs plan a "revolution" to take over the country.
Stanislav Belkovsky, one of those who composed that report, says that
Belkovsky reminds how the statute of Felix Dzerzhinsky was taken down its pedestal on Lubanka square by democratic crowd. "There were two thousands KGB officers in the building behind it, all armed, whose duty was security of the statute. No one went out, but looked from the windows. Why? Because there was no order."
The question remains: for whom former military and security officers are clearing the ways today?