The great pyramids at Giza were used as waterworks for pumping water from the Nile to the vast fields, while the Cheops (Khufu) pyramid was the largest waterworks of ancient Egypt. In short, that is the essence of a theory put forth by Mikhail Volgin, an engineer from Kiev, Ukraine. Volgin believes he has unraveled the mystery of the pyramids that dates back to 26th century B.C. Well, the Kiev engineer is not the first one to generate similar theories…
Scientists and researchers produced lots of theories in an attempt to learn the purpose of the pyramids. Some theories claimed the pyramids were used as a tomb for the rulers of ancient Egypt. Others maintained the gigantic structures were used as observatories or equipment for marking water levels during the flooding of the Nile. According to a number of other theories, the pyramids were built for landing alien spaceships, storing grain, and damping vibrations in the earth’s crust during earthquakes.
Using the pyramids as waterworks is a novelty of sorts. Volgin lists the following arguments in proof of his theory.
Life in Egypt, whose territory is composed of deserts by 96%, depends on water, and therefore centers on the valley of the great river Niles. The Niles is subject to flooding twice a year. Everything in the areas flooded by the Niles burst into blossom. Any drought, regardless of its cause, results in famine and death. The Ethiopians, the southern neighbors of the Egyptians, were also highly dependent on the Nile waters. The Ethiopians threatened to divert the river bed toward the Red Sea. The move would have condemned Egypt to death.
The pharaohs failed to find a long-term solution to the problem. Neither hostilities nor diplomatic efforts could prevent the treacherous Nubians from building a dam that would give rise to famine and death for the whole Egypt.
That was the reason why the thrifty rulers of the Upper and Lower Egypt were extremely concerned about the building of an independent water supply network. Waterworks, water canals and reservoirs were regarded, in terms of modern language, as facilities of strategic importance.
The great pharaohs of III-IV dynasties should be called madmen suffering from delusions of grandeur if we continue to view the pyramids as gigantic tombs. It took from 20 to 30 years to build a pyramid, not to mention heaps of money spent on the project, and hundreds of thousands of subjects who broke their backs “in the heat and the rain,/ with whips and chains,/ to see him fly,/ so many die,” – was it all for the purpose of building an impressive tombstone?
Volgin believes everything will fall into place once we look at the pyramids as waterworks. He says it is only logical that the mighty rulers spared neither money nor citizens in order to become completely independent in terms of water supply. Volgin draws attention to the fact that nothing has been found in the burial chambers of the pyramids examined to date. The sarcophaguses including the first ones discovered by archeologists in 1954 held no mummies at all. It is true that a number of mummies were found later in a relatively small-sized pyramid. The mummy may have been placed in that pyramid at later period as the waterworks fell out of use.
The ancient mythology is rife with sexual allusions. The Egyptian mythology is not an exception to the rule. Residents of the Nile valley compared the live-giving waters of the Nile to the semen of Osiris, the king and judge of the dead in Egyptian religion. What could be the source of a life-giving liquid then? The phallus of Osiris comes in handy for that matter. The appearance of Osiris could be seen in the upper stone details that used to stand at the top of the pyramids.
Unfortunately, those upper details were irretrievably lost. According to historical records, they were called benben and benbenet, and were shaped like a pyramid. Ben stands for semen, ejaculation, and ovulation of the uterus. The function and image coincided once the water of life came though the opening in the stone detail.
Citing data provided by modern aerial photography, Volgin claims the Cheops pyramid’s faces are concave, about 1 meter deep. The faces of the pyramid used to be covered with polished limestone plates. Volgin says the temperatures ran up to 1,000 degrees in focus of the concave limestone plates. The heating of the air inside the cavities of the pyramid resulted in the discharge and inflow of subsoil water, which was aplenty in the western bank of the Nile. The western bank is regularly washed up by the flowing water of the river heading straight to the north as Earth spins from the west to the east. As a result, the so-called “subterranean Nile” comes into play. By the buy, there are numerous pyramids on the western bank of the Nile.
Due to the heat generated by the relentless sun on the surface of the pyramid, the pressure inside the pyramid exceeded that of the atmosphere, and thus made the subsoil water flow into the reservoirs. Besides, condensate was formed in the chambers of the pyramid. According to Volgin, the sarcophagus located in the king’s chamber, was a floating valve, used for opening and plugging the opening on the floor of the reservoir.
Benben installed at the top of the pyramid was a tool for controlling the discharge vent. By all means, “the phallus of Osiris” was a striking sight as it stood tall in the clouds of steam. The waterworks ran in a pulsed mode provided by the opening and closing of the discharge vent. The circumstance must have added a dynamic component to the phallic metaphor.
Historical and cultural monuments of ancient Egypt have a vague reference to some mystic rite called “the unsealing of the lips and eyes.” The rite called for the use of a special instrument called tesla, which was said to have been put against the mouth and eyes of a pharaoh’s mummy bringing it back to life.
According to Volgin, the opening of the discharge vent atop of the pyramid conveys the true meaning of the “opening of the lips.” Using a hand for opening the vent was either impossible or very dangerous due to a stream of hot steam coming from the bowels of the overheated waterworks. A pharaoh, the embodiment of the deity to his subjects, is said to have used his warder to perform the rite without getting his fingers burned. A leather belt was attached to the ring of the vent to keep it open and prevent it from closing due to its own weight.
Translated by Guerman Grachev
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