First attempts to use healing qualities of ozone were made in the beginning of the 20th century
The majority of people usually associate the word 'ozone' with the incredibly pleasant aroma of fresh air after rain. Others think of aerosol sprays and the damage, which they cause to the ozone layer of the Earth's atmosphere. In the meantime, ozone has been obtaining wider usage in various fields of human activities – from industrial production to medicine.
Scientists say that ozone's role in the development of the human civilization has been increasing lately due to its technological significance. Moscow scientists launched ozone research works in the middle of the 1940s, when professor Kobozev put forward an idea to use it as an oxidant in rocket propellant. The scientific project was not meant to come true, but the research still continues.
Nowadays, ozone is widely used in the ozonization of drinking water. Humans will most likely be using this process instead of the chlorine treatment of water: chlorine kills microorganisms and neutralizes several harmful substances. Despite such seemingly favorable quality, the chlorine treatment produces a large number of peculiar compounds of high toxic capacity. The use of ozone will make it possible to avoid the intoxication of water.
A similar effect can be achieved if ozone is used instead of chlorine in the cellulose whitening procedure during the production of paper. This quality of paper enjoys high demand on the world market today. It is worth mentioning that run-off waters, the amount of which is too large in the production of paper, will also be relieved of chlorine compounds. It brings up the idea that the entire pulp and paper production may soon decline chlorine and move ahead to ozone-based technologies.
Universal qualities of ozone are not restricted with its diverse industrial usage only. Ozone is used in modern medicine too, particularly in ozone therapy. One of the founders of this new branch of medicine, Russian scientist V. Maximov, said that first attempts to use healing qualities of ozone were made in the beginning of the 20th century in Germany. German doctor M. Eberhart tried to use the substance for the treatment of tuberculosis, pneumonia and other illnesses in 1911. The specialist, however, used high concentrations of ozone, which eventually put an end to the research: high concentrations of ozone are toxic.
The works connected with the external usage of ozone therapy during WWI were more successful. The mixture of ozone and oxygen was used to treat wounded soldiers that suffered severe fractures, phlegmons, abscesses, etc. The experiments achieved quite impressive results in the 1920s and the 1930s, taking into consideration the fact that it was the time, when antibiotic had not been discovered yet. Doctors successfully used ozone for the treatment of surgical patients, including the ones with festering wounds.
The ozone therapy research was shut down in the future, though. The interest in the field slightly revived in the 1970s, when several specialized medical associations were established in Europe. However, European doctors have not achieved any serious results in their works still. Professor Maximov believes that the traditional pharmaceutical business is doing its best to prevent the introduction of the ozone technology in medical practice. Russia is the only state, which does not follow the common trend.
Russia was the first state, which started experiments to prove medical qualities of ozone at the end of the 1970s. Nizhni Novgorod surgeons used the ozonized cardioplegic solution in a heart operation. Methods of system ozone therapy appeared later, in the 1980s. New techniques unveiled the broad efficiency of the ozone treatment: from bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects to activation of metabolism, improvement of the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood and microcirculation of blood. It became known that ozone could be used for the treatment of diabetes and its consequences, as well as pathologies of digestive apparatus. In addition, ozone may become indispensable in the treatment of hepatitis B and C.