It was reported several times already that a construction resembling a ship had been found on the top of Ararat Many people believe that Noah's Ark is the result of the ancient folk art, some kind of a myth. However, more evidence arise to show that the biblical story about Noah and the Ark cannot be disregarded. More and more scientists share the opinion that the geological proofs do exist and the Flood described in the Genesis is a real historic fact.
Based on the sound recording of the film The Lost World
It was reported several times already that a construction resembling a ship had been found on the top of the Ararat Mountain. The discovery drew attention of the whole world to the Noah's Ark problem, and several expeditions were sent to the mountain. Several disappointments the groups faced there while investigating the mountain just rouse more interest in the problem. It is said that if the Ark is found on Ararat, this will be the greatest archeological discovery in history. This will also be the strongest argument for people skeptically treating the possibility of the Flood on the Earth.
If the Flood actually took place, and we all descent from Noah, it may seem strange that only the Jew people have recollection of this fact. However, it is not quite so. Legends and myths of different people and races refer to the great cataclysm, to the Flood. In fact, anthropologists collected 59 legends about the Flood experienced by aborigines of North America, 46 - in Central and South America, 31 - in Europe, 17 - in the Middle East, 23 - in Asia and 37 legends about the Flood on the islands of southern seas and in Australia.
Now, even scientists studying exact and natural sciences re-read the Ark description with a view to find out whether the story might happen at all taking into consideration the present-day zoology knowledge and the modern information about shipbuilding. Some very interesting details of the Ark were given in the Bible (the Genesis, part 6):
13 And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.
14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits.
16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.
Majority of experts at the Hebrew culture think that one cubit was 45 centimeters approximately. Thus, the Ark was about 150 meters long, 25 meters wide and 15 meters high. It is supposed that Noah's Ark remained the biggest seagoing vessel till the end of the 19th century when giant metal ships first appeared. The length to width ratio of vessels was 6 to 1 which guaranteed wonderful stability at rough sea. As contemporary shipwrights say, this construction practically never allows vessels to lie over. So, the Ark wonderfully suited to stand heaviest storms during the Flood.
But was the Ark big enough to house all animals? The total usable area of the Ark made up 9,300 square meters approximately, which was more than 20 regular basketball grounds. The area total of the Ark rooms made up over 43,000 cubic meters (equals the volume of 569 contemporary railway cars meant for cattle transportation). How many animals breathing air could find room in the Ark and survive the Flood?
As Ernst Meyer, the leading American zoologist says, there are 1,075,100 different kinds of animals on the Earth, however, majority of them can survive in the water.
Noah didn't have to take care of lots of fish, Echinodermata, shellfish, Coelenterata, sponges and creatures consisting of one cell only. In addition, some mammals are water animals. Some Amphibia and reptiles can be added here. A great part of arthropoda animals are sea animals. What is more, majority of the total number of 35,000 kinds of worms and many insects could survive even without the Ark.
Doctor Morris and Doctor Whitcomb in their classical book about the Flood say that the ark might house not more than 35,000 animal specimens. Let's be generous and add some more extinct animals to this number and assume that there were 50,000 animals in the Ark. Certainly, it wasn't obligatory that those were the biggest and the oldest animals. Elephants and dinosaurs could be represented with small specimens in the ark. If we assume that an average animal is of a sheep size and take a railway car for comparison, we'll see that on average 240 animals can be placed into a two-storied car. Thus, three trains of 69 cars can house 50,000 animals, which in its turn is just 37% of the Ark. The remaining room (equals to 361 railway cars) could be used for provisions, luggage and Noah's family of 8 people. There was enough room for everything in the Ark.
Construction of the Ark was the most important problem. The Bible says, Noah built the Ark under the guidance of God, and there is no reason to believe that he couldn't engage workers for assistance during the construction.
Another great problem was how to select representatives of animals breathing air and bring them to the Ark. The Genesis says, God gathered animals and brought all of them in pairs to Noah's Ark. It is supposed that migration instinct of animals was activated, or at least it got strengthened. We also know that majority of animals feel danger and leave for a safer place. Some people say that Noah faced the greatest problems in the Ark: there were just 8 people to feed and water the animals, to air and clean the huge menagerie for 371 days. However, some scientists believe that the animals could be dormant for some period, as they say that almost all animals have a potential capability to fall into dormancy in summer or in winter.
Let's get down to one more problem: where did the water come from? The Genesis, part 7 says:
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.
12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.
Many people think that the Earth was covered with a huge firmament of fog before the Flood. They say that the rain that continued for 40 days and 40 nights could be only the result of the firmament breaking. On the other hand, scientists say that if the whole of water vapor and clouds of the modern atmosphere fall down on the Earth, rain will last for a short period only and the ground will be covered with water layer of not more than 5 centimeters. If the fog layer was so heavy since the beginning till the Flood, then the climate condition of that time was to be radically different from today's. When the Bible describes this era, it tells about natural phenomena that people living before the Flood had never seen. Many think that downpour was a phenomenon of this kind.
Probably, similar conditions can be found in some green regions of North America's west coast where vegetation is damped with dew mostly. Many scientists share an opinion saying that the fog cover was a shield that protected the ancient world from deadly radiation now penetrating from the space. This is probably the explanation why life was so long on the planet at the time before the Flood; what is more, the firmament caused the greenhouse effect and the temperature was practically the same over the whole surface of the planet.
It is well known from studies of the petrifaction that tropical plants and animals once lived everywhere on the planet, including the present-day polar areas. Only when the firmament was broken and water dropped on the Earth, the temperatures in equatorial and polar regions became different. In these polar regions where tropical plants and animals once lived, huge masses of snow and ice suddenly piled up, which in its turn caused the glacial epoch. The Flood waters dropped not only from the sky, even more water run out of underground reservoirs, the level of the oceans rose, terrible explosions sounded and emitted molten stone and vapor clouds. The water kept on swelling, it covered mountains, and the high level stayed for 110 days. Within this period all living substances, with the exception of those remaining in the Ark, died.
Formation of oceans is one of the most difficult mysteries for geologists. Formation of mountains is not less mysterious, which is proven with numerous variable theories on the problem.
The Bible says that at the time when the earth went up, the ocean sank. When water becomes lower, it leaves ledges on the banks, probably such was the origin of the traces water left on the shores of the planet's continents.
As water was gradually retreating from the surface, it highly likely washed out giant valleys on the weakened surface when it flew down to the sea basins. We can see it now: practically all river valleys are much deeper and wider than the present-day river systems need. This proves that the valleys once passed more water.
At present, a great part of the earth is covered with water remaining after the Flood, about 70% of the surface is covered with average water layer of 3 kilometers. The depth reaches over 11 kilometers in one part of the Pacific Ocean. What is more, great bulk of water is in the huge ice continents in the North and South Poles. The Flood had a profound effect on the geological formations of the planet. Evidences discovered in many regions of the world demonstrate that the earth was destroyed as a result of the catastrophic flood.
However, the Bible text convinced us of reality of the Flood: But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
God indicated that before his second advent the world will resemble that in the times of Noah. That is how the Genesis, part 6, describes the Lost World:
5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.
Don't we seen now that the Earth is filled with evil doings of people against their fellow creatures and even against themselves?