Science » Technologies and discoveries
Author`s name Dmitry Sudakov

Giant penguin feather poses problem for long ages

By Brian Thomas, M.S.

Paleontologists at the University of Texas at Austin and other institutions have investigated the fossil of a giant penguin found in Peru. At five feet tall, it would have dwarfed today's largest living penguins. A UT press release stated, "The fossil shows [that] the flipper and feather shapes that make penguins such powerful swimmers evolved early."

The sudden appearance of penguins has been an evolutionary mystery. Their fossils are rare, prompting at least one evolutionist to speculate on penguin origins based on the kinds of fleas they have in common with rodents! Writing in Vertebrate History: Problems in Evolution, technical author Barbara Stahl stated, "Since no site has yet given up a specimen recognizable as protopenguin, it is impossible to guess where or even in which climate penguin history began."

The Peruvian penguin, named Inkayacu paracasensis, is not a protopenguin either. Instead, it has all of the standard penguin features, including a torpedo-shaped body, solid bones to decrease buoyancy, short and stiff feathers for underwater life, and flipper-like wings.

But after supposedly 36 million years, the wings and feathers of this fossil had original melanosomes, like other fossilized animal remains that have recently been described. These structures, manufactured by special skin cells, contain the pigment melanin. They can be used to absorb harmful sunlight, provide a camouflaged covering, or, in the case of penguins, add resilience to feathers. Melanin is long-lasting--but not this long.

The researchers compared the penguin melanosomes to those in living bird feathers and were able to reconstruct its color patterns. While they speculated on why the patterns of dark melanosomes and therefore colors might have evolved from Inkayacu's reddish brown and gray feathers to today's "black tuxedo," the curious question as to how melanosomes could possibly defy decay for millions of years went unanswered.

According to the universal law of entropy, all large, well-organized biomolecules such as these should have fallen apart after only hundreds of thousands of years. Scientists observe that all systems tend toward decay unless otherwise acted upon by an energy-using, information-giving maintenance system. So, with no maintenance systems, how did these melanosomes inside the penguin feathers resist decay for 36 million years?

The most straightforward answer is that the date that has been provided for this fossil and its attendant rock layer is totally wrong, and that they were both formed much more recently. Thousands, not millions, of years fit both these facts of science and Scripture-based earth history.

Source: Institute for Creation Research

Certainly readers already know that the Prosecutor's Office of Nanterre has ordered that Marine Le Pen, secretary of the Rassemblement National (former FN) and parliamentary to the Assembly, be submitted to psychiatric examination.

This is a liberation fight from the Soviet EU

Certainly readers already know that the Prosecutor's Office of Nanterre has ordered that Marine Le Pen, secretary of the Rassemblement National (former FN) and parliamentary to the Assembly, be submitted to psychiatric examination.

This is a liberation fight from the Soviet EU
Comments
Russia to ship S-300 to Syria after Il-20 shootdown
Gaddafi's predictions come true as Americans gang rape the world
A glimpse into the past and the future
Russian women to be allowed to work as train drivers and pilots
A glimpse into the past and the future
How many aircraft and pilots Russia has lost in Syria so far
A glimpse into the past and the future
On the collapse of civility in Western nations: living in the era of 'not nice'
NATO to strike Russia through Suwalki Corridor
NATO to strike Russia through Suwalki Corridor
Russia to ship S-300 to Syria after Il-20 shootdown
How many aircraft and pilots Russia has lost in Syria so far
Russia to ship S-300 to Syria after Il-20 shootdown
Roscosmos contractor steals millions, state secrets and flees to USA
How many aircraft and pilots Russia has lost in Syria so far
This is a liberation fight from the Soviet EU
USA punishes China for purchasing arms from Russia
USA punishes China for purchasing arms from Russia
USA punishes China for purchasing arms from Russia
USA punishes China for purchasing arms from Russia
This is a liberation fight from the Soviet EU