August 6 marks the 70th anniversary of the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima. On August 9, the USA dropped a nuclear bomb on Nagasaki. Many historians claim that there was no strategic need for the nuclear bombing of Japan. Some others say that the goal of the United States in the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was to demonstrate the new weapon to the USSR.
Alexander Kulanov, historian, specialist in Russian-Japanese relations
"As for the need to use nuclear weapons, a lot has been said on the subject. The most popular version says that there was no military need to bomb Japan - it was a demonstration of a new weapon to the Soviet Union on a real theater of operations. Neither Nagasaki, nor Hiroshima could have played a decisive role in the defense of Japan. With regard to the strategic need, it took Tokyo several days to assess the aftermath of the bombing, and during those days the Soviet Union entered the war in the Asian continent. In any case, it is impossible to conclude that it was the nuclear bombings that brought an end to the war. They played their role, but it was not a decisive one, I think."