The American authorities deliberately gave harbor to Nazi criminals, and used those criminals against the USSR. This subject was raised after the death of Nazi war criminal Peter Egner, a US citizen, who was involved in the extermination of 17,000 people in Serbia's Staro Sajmiste concentration camp. Egner died last week at age 88 of natural causes without carrying any punishment whatsoever for his crimes.
His extradition was sought by Israeli and Serbian authorities, but the Americans just let the Nazi die peacefully. This is not the first incident, when American and European authorities use various excuses not to deliver Nazi criminals. For example, Sandor Kepiro, one of the most sought-after individuals on Simon Wiesenthal Center's list. Kepiro is accused of organizing the murder of at least 1,250 civilians in Serbia's Novi Sad in 1942. The Hungarian authorities found Kepiro guilty of the crimes back in 1944, but he has never been punished for them. The list of the countries that take least efforts in searching for Nazi criminals include Norway, Sweden, Syria, Estonia, Lithuania and Ukraine.
Austria can also be included on the list. This country has not been cooperating with anyone regarding the extradition of war criminals. For instance, former chief of the Croatian police Milivoj Asner approved executions of thousands of people, but the Austrian authorities refused to extradite him.
The authorities of Latvia actively support Nazi criminals nowadays too. It particularly goes about the legal assistance to former policeman John Demjanjuk (born Ivan Demianiuk, also spelled Demyanyuk), who is accused of exterminating tens of thousands of civilians.
Latvia finds the support from the United States at this point. It becomes clear that the tone in defense of Nazi war criminals was set by the States. According to the 2005 report from the US Department of Justice, the CIA and British secret services had given harbor to dozens of Nazis, many of whom will never be put on trial already.
The US authorities provided shelter to Nazi war criminals deliberately. US officials were perfectly aware of their past, but decided that the criminals could serve the US democracy just as well as they served the Third Reich. The Nazis were used as scientists and as sources of intelligence data.
The documents, which shed light on the cooperation between US special services and Nazi criminals were declassified in 2006. According to those sources, the CIA deliberately decided not to arrest well-known war criminal Adolf Eichmann under the pretext that Eichmann could expose the truth about Hans Globke, who used to be a high ranking public servant in the Federal Republic of Germany during the 1950s. More importantly, Globke served as one of the closest aides to Chancellor Konrad Adenauer.
According to The New York Times, the most evil war criminal, who served at the CIA, was Otto von Bolschwing, the closest associate of executioner Adolf Eichmann. He took direct part in developing the plan of the total extermination of Jews. Eichmann's four other followers were also working at the CIA, the FBI and the Pentagon.
Here is another interesting figure - Arthur Rudolph, a German/American rocket engineer, who was in charge of Mittlewerk defense plant. Rudolph is accused of using slave labor at his facilities. The Americans were not interested in his dark past. They were interested in his knowledge of rocket technologies. Rudolph became very successful in the United States. He received an award from NASA and earned the reputation of the father of Saturn 5 rocket.
Horst Kopkow, a Nazi Germany SS major, who worked for Gestapo, began serving for British special services to assist them in the struggle against Soviet espionage. It turns out that the Americans and their allies needed the direct carriers of the Holocaust experience in the struggle against the rise of communism in Europe. Therefore, the allies put obstacles for immigration authorities in the deportation of such personas.
Former Soviet citizens, who worked for the Third Reich make a completely different story. According to Yalta agreements of 1945, all Soviet citizens, who cooperated with Nazis, were supposed to be delivered to the USSR after Germany's defeat. Practically all of them were extradited to the Soviet Union. Those who were not delivered to the USSR, as well as thousands of former SS officers, found shelter at the French Foreign Legion and then settled in Australia or the USA.