Fifty percent of Russians have to spend all their money on current consumption without saving anything. A quarter of the Russian nationals have savings, but only 8 percent of them can live on that money for over one year. However, people's savings on bank deposits have been growing steadily. It increased by 26.7 percent in 2009 and exceeded 8 trillion rubles in May 2010.
Specialists of the National Agency of Financial Research said that less than a quarter of the polled Russians said that they had savings. The research was conducted in June 2010 and previously in October 2008.
The share of those having savings is a lot higher in the group of Russians with high level of income (over 30,000 a month in Moscow - $1,000 and 20,000 in Russian regions). This group of people mostly resides in large cities with million-strong population. Over 57 percent of the polled Russians with high income said that they had savings. Over 80 percent of big city residents said that they save money. Only 16 percent said that they spend all on current consumption.
Most Russians save their money in Russian rubles. The majority of the polled said that real estate is the most reliable and profitable way of investment. However, this investment requires considerable amounts of money and is not affordable to many.
A bank deposit comes second - 23 percent. Nineteen percent of Russians said that they put their money on current accounts. Every tenth Russian said that they save money on interest-free credit cards. Many prefer to follow the risk diversification principle: they save a part of their money in cash and another part in banks.
The funds of the population on bank accounts have grown by 26.7 percent and exceeded the level of 8 trillion rubles as of May 1, 2010. People tend to save more, banks raise their deposit interest rates, and people redistribute their funds from more risky tools to less risky tools, researchers said.
The growth of deposits creates certain threats to the balance stability of banks. Depositors can take 8 trillion rubles back at any moment.
Russia 's largest banks currently dominate the market of deposits, which endangers the existence of smaller and less known market members, experts say. Sberbank, a major state-run bank of the Russian Federation, takes the lead, although its share has been decreasing recently. As of the end of 2009, Sberbank was in charge of less than a half of the market of bank deposits - 49.5 percent. It can be explained with the bank's conservative policy towards deposit interest rates. VTB 24 Bank comes second - 28 percent of respondents mentioned this bank in June of this year, which is a little less than in October 2008 - 36 percent. Alfa-Bank comes third with 23 percent in June 2010 and 26 percent in October 2008.